Business Engagement in Building Healthy Communities

19003-0309316669-covers450Business Engagement in Building Healthy Communities is the summary of a workshop convened by the Institute of Medicine’s Roundtable on Population Health Improvement in July 2014 to consider the role of business in improving population health beyond the usual worksite wellness and health promotion activities. The workshop followed previous roundtable discussions on the importance of applying a health lens to decision making in non-health sectors and the need for cross-sector collaborations to advance population health. Invited speakers included representatives from several businesses that have taken action to improve the health of their communities and representatives of business coalitions on health. The workshop was designed to discuss why engaging in population health improvement is good for business; explore how businesses can be effective key leaders in improving the health of communities; and discuss ways in which businesses can engage in population health improvement. This report is a record of the presentations and discussion of the event.

This book is published by National Academic Press.

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World Energy Outlook

World Energy Outlook

The International Energy Agency’s flagship publication and leading source of analysis of global energy trends – presents updated projections of energy demand, production, trade and investment, fuel by fuel and region by region to 2035.

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The International Property Rights Index

The International Property Rights Index (IPRI) is the first international comparative study that measures the significance of both physical and intellectual property rights and their protection for economic well-being.  The parent organization Property Rights Alliance, has initiated a series of IPRI studies for the Hernando de Soto Fellowship Program that will contribute to developing accurate and comprehensive measures regarding property rights (PR) on an international scale.

The International Property Rights Index will provide the public, researchers and policymakers, from across the globe, with a tool for comparative analysis and future research on global property rights. In order to incorporate and grasp the important aspects related to property rights protection, the Index focuses on three areas: Legal and Political Environment (LP), Physical Property Rights (PPR), and Intellectual Property Rights (IPR). The current study analyzes data for 125 countries around the globe, representing ninety-seven percent of world GDP. Of great importance, the 2010 gauge incorporates data of PR protection from various sources, often directly obtained from expert surveys within the evaluated countries.

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ILO Data

International Labour Organization Data

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LABORSTA Internet

The International Labour Organization provides UNdata with 2 products: 1. LABORSTA, which has data and metadata on labour statistics for over 200 countries or territories. 2. Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM), which contains a core set of 20 labour market indicators that cover various facets of decent work deficits.

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UNIDO: Industrial Development Report 2009

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Industrial Development Report 2009

Breaking in and moving up: New industrial challenges for the bottom billion and the middle-income countries This year’s report, entitled “Breaking in and moving up: New industrial challenges for the bottom billion and the middle-income countries” focuses on countries that have been left behind. It is about the opportunities and constraints faced by two groups of countries: the countries of the “bottom billion” trying to break into global markets for manufactured goods, and the middle-income countries that are striving to move up to more sophisticated manufacturing. The report focuses predominantly on manufacturing, but it also discusses resource extraction, which is the other major type of industrialization in developing countries. It also highlights three aspects of structural change in industry. As industrialization proceeds, what does it produce, where does it locate, and where are its outputs sold? The report seeks to improve our understanding of these processes of structural change, and sets out some economic policy responses to support breaking in and moving up in the global industrial economy. The report was launched in London on the 23 February 2009 by Kandeh K. Yumkella, UNIDO Director-General, together with the lead author of the report, Professor Paul Collier, University of Oxford.

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Summary (pdf, 3.6M)

Full Report (pdf, 7.9M)

Student Handouts on Using Excel in Economics Projects

David Allen, University of the West of England, Bristol, wrote this “Using Excel in your economics assignments” guide from his 3rd year course.  It makes extensive use of screen shots and word art to take students through the stages of preparing graphs for incorporation in a report.

Purpose

  1. To introduce you to the use of Excel spreadsheets to plot and analyse time series data.
  2. Demonstrate how diagrams can be created in Word using the drawing features found in this software.

Sections

  1. Importing data from a Word table in to an Excel file
  2. Plotting time series data using Excel’s chart wizard
  3. Formatting a data plot (the Excel chart)
  4. Creating a duplicate data plot
  5. Transferring an Excel chart to a Word document
  6. From time series data create a scatter plot and fit a trend line (line of best fit)
  7. Creating a diagram in Word using ‘Insert Object’

The World is Flat 3.0

Back in 2000, Tom Friedman recounts, the world began to shrink and flatten, under the influence of digital interconnectivity. Elaborating on his World is Flat thesis, Friedman describes how this new global order puts creative, entrepreneurial individuals in the driver’s seat, and poses distinct new challenges and opportunities.

The digital platform that connects Bangalore, Boston and Beijing enables users from any of these places to “plug, play, compete, connect and collaborate,” and is changing everything, says Friedman. He lists some basics to keep in mind: Whatever can be done, will be done, “and the only question left is will it be done by you or to you.” Friedman describes a Budapest limo driver who asked him to refer friends traveling to Hungary to use his service — as detailed in a website in Magyar, with English and German translations. And there’s the Sioux City- Winnebago Indian network, exporting construction tools to Kuwait. In our new era, individuals are limited only by their imaginations, so how well universities and schools enable and inspire students will determine who wins in global competition. Innovation, believes Friedman, will come from “having two or more specialties,” from those people able to connect the dots and mash them together.

But the U.S. has a real problem: We’ve “kind of lost our groove since 9/11,” and may end up ceding the global competition to China unless we get our act together, believes Friedman. We “cannot go on being as dumb as we want to be, and right now that is the motto of the U.S. Congress.” We have tons of natural attributes in this country we should be leveraging, he says. A bigger problem still is that three billion new players are streaming into this newly flat world, seeking their own version of the American dream, with cars, toasters, and microwaves. “If we don’t find a cleaner, more non-emitting way to power their dreams, we’re going to burn up, choke up, heat up and smoke up this planet so much faster than even Al Gore predicts.” Friedman scoffs at those who claim “a green revolution is going on,” calling it instead a green party, entailing no real sacrifice or pain. He says the only hope will be a “disruptive breakthrough” that brings a completely different mix of standards and taxes.” Friedman’s new mantra is, “Change your leaders, not your light bulbs.” Without new leaders to rewrite our laws and trigger the innovations, “we are cooked.”

 


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SPEAKER:
Thomas L. Friedman
Foreign Affairs Columnist,
The New York Times
Author